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Mediterranean Institute for Regional Studies

From Al-Hanana to Al-Sadr City...the Iraqi street and alleys are preparing for war


7/8/2022 8:05:00 AM

We were walking in the streets of Baghdad, Basra and Najaf.. We did not see any of the different groups and classes of the people, feeling safe, reassuring and political stability, in those areas.. All of them believe that the marginalization of al-Sadr in the political process is not an easy matter.. This report issued by the Mediterranean Institute for Regional Studies "MIRS", by presenting and categorizing information, attempts to explore the future of the political process in Iraq in light

Shifting East Mediterranean Tides: From Conflict to Club Med?


5/25/2022 10:23:00 AM

We are now in the midst of a transition in the geopolitics of the Eastern Mediterranean: away from conflict and toward coexistence, if not cooperation. How and why has this shift accelerated and expanded in recent months? What makes it likely to continue, at least for a while? In offering answers to these questions, this essay examines the big picture of this regional transformation.

How to Keep the Islamic State Down in 2022 and Beyond


1/21/2022 7:57:00 AM

The group and its offshoots pursue conventional warfare campaigns as a rule, not an exception, so the United States needs to enhance its regional military partnerships accordingly.

The Kurdistan Region: epicentre of Macron’s Iraq strategy


8/28/2021 3:46:00 PM

As part of a two-day visit to Iraq, French President Emanuel Macron will pay an official visit to the Kurdistan Region on Sunday for meetings with Kurdish leaders. The official visit to Baghdad and Erbil is a yet another signal of France’s intensified engagement in Iraq. While bulk of the media attention has gone to a regional summit on Saturday, the Baghdad Conference for Cooperation and Partnership, Macron’s visit to Erbil has particular significance in conveying the crucial role the French le

After Afghanistan, Iraqis Fear They Could Be Next


8/21/2021 9:58:00 PM

Similarities between the two cases include heavy patronage politics and militia intimidation, but Baghdad has advantages that could help it avoid Kabul’s fate.

Erdoğan’s Eastern Med Repentance: Too Little, Too Late


6/18/2021 8:25:00 AM

Turkey’s neo-Ottoman strongman would topple Syrian dictator Bashir Assad and replace him with Sunni Islamists while kicking the US and Russia out of Muslim lands; embolden the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt; internationally isolate Israel and champion the Palestinian cause; be a game-changer in the Eastern Mediterranean,

ISIS Propaganda in the Time of Coronavirus


4/22/2021 9:51:00 PM

The Islamic State (ISIS), which has lost both territory and its means of governance, has managed to preserve its cyber-dependent propaganda network. During the COVID-19 crisis, the terror organization used advanced media technologies to cultivate the idea of reviving a utopian caliphate.

What Erdogan Really Wants in the Eastern Mediterranean


1/24/2021 8:27:00 PM

In an episode that has tediously repeated itself several times since July, Turkey’s seismic-survey ships and navy vessels clash with Greek authorities while probing for hydrocarbons in waters off the small Greek island of Kastellorizo. Turkey and Greece—perennial foes—don’t see eye to eye on the Mediterranean’s maritime boundaries. Yet, each time they bicker, pundits are quick to reduce the Greek-Turkish standoff to a bilateral kerfuffle over natural resources.

It is time for a system overhaul in Iraq’s Kurdish region


1/1/2021 1:56:00 PM

On December 2, teachers and public employees peacefully demonstrated in the city of Sulaymaniyah in the semi-autonomous Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI), demanding their long-overdue salaries.

How Kurdistan Is Taking Advantage Of Iraq’s Oil Crisis


11/12/2020 1:02:00 PM

Iraq is facing a desperate financial situation: obliged to pay billions of dollars in state salaries, pensions, and other disbursements whilst its ability to generate revenue to do so is severely constrained by a low oil price environment and OPEC+-mandated production quotas.

Iraq’s Future Isn’t Oil, It’s Sustainable Electricity


10/15/2020 8:31:00 PM

As the country continues to grapple with the aftermath of the Islamic State insurgency, revolutionizing the country’s energy sector could be the key to long-term security.

A New Reality for the Eastern Mediterranean


8/15/2020 10:54:00 AM

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: The great geostrategic and economic problems the Eastern Mediterranean is currently facing require drastic measures and original thinking. There are success stories in the region that provide positive examples of how a new collective reality can be created through the initiative of the main actors. Deeper cooperation and synergies can prove highly constructive for the region.

Athens and Jerusalem Have a Diplomatic Opportunity


6/14/2020 9:24:00 AM

Greece, Israel, and five other countries of the Eastern Mediterranean have established the East Med Gas Forum. Turkey is not a member and is employing its own muscular approach in the region.

Why are tensions rising between Greece and Turkey in the Mediterranean?


12/22/2019 8:12:00 PM

Turkey and Greece have been at loggerheads over territorial boundaries for decades, but things have heated up in recent weeks with a battle for undersea natural resources threatening a geopolitical collision at Europe's southern border.

Syria’s oil, gas and water – the Immiscible Solution to the War in Syria


10/22/2019 6:52:00 PM

In 2010, the energy sector contributed about 35% of export earnings and 20% of government revenue. The Oil & Gas Journal estimated Syria’s oil reserves at 2.5 billion barrels, as of January 1, 2015. These are located mostly in the east and northeast. Natural gas reserves are estimated at 241 billion cubic meters, located primarily in central Syria. Most of Syria’s crude oil is heavy (low gravity) and sour (high sulphur content), which requires a specific configuration of refineries to process. T

Stubborn Kurdish Petroleum Resources: Surveying Actual data and investigating the declared Numbers


10/22/2019 5:02:00 PM

The confusion over the Kurdish petroleum sector is related to a fundamental paradox which; the more petroleum industry developed and matured, the more financial crisis deepened and the population's living situation worsened. This reverse consequence is an unusual phenomenon neither to the people in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) nor for the observers which it mainly stems from the lack in the transparency surrounding the industry. The KRI's Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) has frequently

The Iraq-Turkey Pipeline Dispute: Opportunity in an Arbitration


8/26/2019 9:09:00 PM

Fatigue and frustration aside, U.S. focus and engagement in Iraq remains critical to the national- and energy-security interests of the United States and its allies. Iraq has increased its oil production by more than half since 2012, and is set to be the world’s third-largest oil producer by 2030. Its proven natural gas reserves are enough to meet, for example, Germany’s present demand for 40 years.

Why the Kurdistan region of Iraq is making a new start


7/19/2019 7:51:00 AM

After 16 years of upheaval in Iraq and five brutal years of war with the Islamic State terrorist group, a foe that imperiled all of humanity, we are embarking on a new journey toward building a stronger Kurdistan. The next four years will be a defining time for us, our neighbors and our allies in which we, the Kurdistan Regional Government, look past our recent traumas, consolidate our place in the region and secure a presence on the international stage. In short, we want to make a new start.

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